The term “scrap metal” refers to any unwanted or unused metal from various sources. In industrial terms, scrap metal refers to copper, brass, steel, iron, aluminum, nickel, zinc and other non-metal alloys. In the past, scrap metal was simply removed from the ends of industry runs and destined for metal recycling; today, however, it is more difficult to track down unwanted metal alloys. Recycling efforts are not just limited to scrap metal, however, as many unwanted metals are sent to processing plants to be made into non-metal products such as plastic and paper. Checkout Chicago Scrap Metal for more info.
Scrap metal recycling has come under increased public attention in recent years due to the proliferation of oil spills and other pollution-related events. Because recycling scrap metal usually involves melting down the material, it presents a hazard to the environment and people. By sending your unwanted scrap metals to processing plants, you are also contributing to the environmental problem of recycling. While this practice may seem unsavory on the surface, the reality is that by reusing your unwanted materials, you are helping to save our planet’s dwindling natural resources. In addition to helping prevent pollution, recycling scrap metals helps to conserve precious resources and energy.
Scrap Metal Classes A comprehensive inventory of all the different classes of scrap metal is needed in order to separate the metal into useful and non-useable commodities. A classification system will help determine the best method of recycling scrap metal based on its composition, shape, size and present use. The usefulness of each class will vary depending on the intended application. Classifications include:
Ferrous: A precious metal that includes copper, tin, steel, lead and zinc. Used in the electronics and appliance industries, this recycling classifications includes common components such as sockets, switches, fuses and plugs. It is not as highly valuable as other classes but is still used by many.
Non-ferrous: This class includes elements that are non-precious but are still valuable to recyclers such as steel, copper, pewter, zinc and iron. Common items in this category are nails, screws, hinges, bolts and nuts. Many scrap yards also include elements that fall under this category such as steel wool, water and acid free cotton gloves. While this may seem discouraging, most steel recycled in the United States is sent to metal recycling plants instead of landfills. As technology continues to advance and more recycling efforts are started, it is expected that the demand for non-ferrous metal will grow along with the industry.
Non-Metals: These are sometimes classified as metals or non-metals. These can consist of elements such as copper, tin, magnesium, lead and mercury. Other items may be included in this category including recycled plastics like polyethylene, aluminum and polypropylene. The scrap metal recycling industry generally recycles all of these elements.
The goal of the scrap metal recycling program is to make new products from any unwanted or unused items. In doing so, the recyclers help make the environment a cleaner place to live and to use. Each year, millions of tons of metal and non-metal recyclables are collected and recycled. Many businesses, institutions, government agencies and families collect these unwanted or unused items. The material that is recyclable is broken down and made into new products or elements such as steel, copper, pewter and other metal recyclables. When the process is complete, these products make new products and can be resold for a profit.
These are just a few of the many scrap metal classifications. In order to find out which of these materials your junk is, it’s best to contact a local scrap metal recycling company. They will conduct a thorough analysis and give you a more detailed understanding. By taking an inventory of your items and visiting your local scrap metal recycling company, you can get a better idea of what your scraps can be classified as.
Greenway Metal Recycling, Inc.
901 North Kilpatrick Ave., Chicago, IL 60651
Phone No. : 773-558-2216